In the following translation the word 'server' in place of cleric has been used throughout. Should there be present at the ceremonies here described but one person in Holy Orders - viz., the Celebrant - it will not be difficult to modify the Memoriale where it assumes the clerical state of the servers.
Certain terms bearing a technical meaning are made use of, and in order that these
may not be a difficulty their meanings
Different tones of the voice are mentioned in the text, and
these tones are meant, as a rule, to be louder than the tones used in the
ordinary celebration of Mass. The Regular Clerics are referred to as
giving an example of antiphonal chanting, their method being to chant with a
slight vocal inclination.
There are two further points to which attention may be called: (1) The genuflection to be made by the cross-bearer - e.g., on the Purification. This does not seem logical, and the opinion of De Herdt and others who omit this genuflection is preferable. (2) In Part V., Chapter II., § 3, n. 5, the Celebrant is told to genuflect after opening the urn, then to descend to the first step, and, without again genuflecting, he puts incense in the thurible. Attention was called to this rule in a series of questions to the Congregation of Rites in the early part of this year. They referred to Benediction, and the particular question and answer are here given:
Question. - When the Priest has exposed the Blessed Sacrament, he descends to the foot of the Altar to put incense into the thurible. Should he put in the incense before genuflecting, or should he first genuflect? and if so, is it to be a genuflection on one or both knees? The first mode seems to be correct according to the 'Memoriale' of Benedict XIII.
Answer. - The Celebrant is to make on the lowest step a
genuflection on both knees, and at the same time a moderate bow; he then rises
and puts incense into the thurible.
(S.R.C., February 16, 1906, Question 6.)
For greater convenience, the Litanies for Holy Saturday are added at the end of the book.
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